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Pomeranians are feisty and full of spunk. They’re small but have a husky’s bold attitude. Poms can have long, fluffy coats or shorter fur. Pomeranians are energetic, curious, and petite. Poms are affectionate, but they require lots of grooming.
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Height: 8-14 inches

Size Medium 3

Rank: 23

Size Medium

Weight: 3-7 lb

Size Medium 1

Life Span: 12-16 Years


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Pomeranians are a toy breed. According to the AKC breed standard, Pomeranians should be between 3 to 7 pounds in weight. Their ideal height is between 5 to 12 inches at the withers. They have a cobby, well-balanced body.


Pomeranians have a thick, stand-off double coat. The undercoat is soft and fluffy. The outer coat consists of long, straight, harsh hair. Proper grooming is essential to prevent matting. Pomeranian coats come in almost every color: black, tan, red, orange, cream, blue, sable, brindle, merle, and parti-color.


The Pomeranian head is foxy in appearance. They have a relatively short muzzle and a slightly rounded skull between the ears. Their almond-shaped eyes are inquisitive. Pomeranians have small, erect triangle ears. Their scissors bite has a perfect, regular, and complete set of teeth.


Pomeranians are intelligent, extroverted and sociable. They love being around their family and thrive on attention. Poms are full of personality and often vocalize their thoughts. They can be strong-willed but respond well to reward-based training. Pomeranians make excellent watchdogs, alerting owners to any suspicious activity. They can be wary of strangers but are usually friendly. Poms have a bold, confident nature.


Pomeranians have moderate exercise needs. A short walk or play session each day will satisfy their activity requirements. Poms enjoy learning tricks and competing in agility. They are well-suited to apartment living. Ensure they receive adequate mental stimulation through training and interactive toys.


Pomeranians are eager to please but can be independent-minded. Use positive reinforcement techniques with plenty of praise and rewards. Keep training sessions short and fun to maintain their interest. Be patient and consistent. Pomeranians excel at agility and competitive obedience.


Pomeranians have high grooming needs. Their double coat requires daily brushing to prevent tangles and mats. Show Poms require extensive grooming to keep the coat full and neat. Most pet Poms can be trimmed short for easy care. Poms are average shedders.


Pomeranians are generally healthy but prone to certain conditions including collapsing trachea, knee luxation, hypothyroidism, dental issues, and eye problems like cataracts. Responsible breeding helps minimize risks. Provide excellent nutrition and regular vet checkups.


  • Pomeranians descend from large sled dogs in the Arctic regions.
  • Queen Victoria helped popularize Pomeranians as companion dogs.
  • The smallest Pomeranian on record weighed 1 pound.
  • Pomeranians have a lifespan of 12-16 years.
  • They come in all coat colors and patterns.


Pomeranians trace their heritage to sled dogs of Iceland and Lapland. Breed development began in Pomerania, Germany in the early 1800s. Breeders downsized the Pomeranian to become household pets. Queen Victoria adopted a Pomeranian in 1888 which increased the breed’s popularity. Pomeranians were recognized by the AKC in 1888. Today they rank as one of the most popular small breed dogs.

Should You Get a Pomeranian?

Pros of Pomeranians

  • Small, portable size
  • Minimal exercise needs
  • Affectionate, loyal personality
  • Alert watchdog abilities
  • Don’t shed excessively
  • Easily trained with positive reinforcement

Potential Cons of Pomeranians

  • Require frequent grooming
  • Prone to barking
  • Can be stubborn during training
  • May not do well young children
  • Susceptible to certain health problems
  • May try to dominate other pets

Best Homes for Pomeranians

Pomeranians thrive in homes with older, considerate children. They prefer being the only pet but some can get along with other dogs or cats if socialized early. Pomeranians need an owner committed to training and grooming. Watchful owners who can meet their exercise and companionship needs. Their perfect home provides both mental stimulation and affection.